Pace Maker Implantation

Pace Maker Implatation

Pacemaker installation involves inserting a medical device, also called an artificial pacemaker or heart pace maker, to maintain regular heartbeats for patients who experience, or have experienced, heart failure, fainting episodes, or any other such discomforts which might disturb the heart’s natural pacemaker.

A pacemaker uses electrical impulses to regulate the beating of the heart and its primary function is to ensure that an adequate heartbeat rate is maintained at all times. Thanks to modern science, today’s pacemakers are externally programmable, not uncomfortable and even the pacemaker installation surgery procedures are quicker and safer than ever before. The options for pacemaker installation are many and certainly affordable!

What are the Different Types of Heart Pacemakers?

On this page, you will find a host of information right from the types of pacemakers, pacemaker installation surgery types and procedures involved in pacemaker insertion to aftercare and recovery time. Also, we will throw some light on pacemaker installation surgery in Mexico, where it is affordable, safe and world class.

A basic heart pacemaker consists of two main components – leads and pulse generator. Leads, which carry electrical impulses to the heart, are inserted the the veins and heart muscles. The pulse generator, on the other hand, is placed just under your skin and consists of a battery and a minuscule computer.

A heart pacemaker is of three types:

Single chamber – This type of pacemaker uses one lead in the upper or lower chambers of the heart.

Dual chamber – These pacemakers use one lead in the upper chambers (atria) and one in the lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart.

Biventricular – A biventricular pacemaker uses three leads – one placed in the right artium, one in the right ventricle and one in the left ventricle via the coronary sinus vein.

Which pacemaker will be recommended by the doctor will depend upon your requirements and medical condition.

What are the Pacemaker Installation Surgery Types?

Pacemaker installation surgery is primarily performed via one of the two approaches – endocardial or epicardial. Local anesthesia is used in the former method, while the latter requires the use of general anesthesia. Let’s throw some more light on these approaches:
Endocardial – Performed under local anesthesia, this pacemaker surgery requires the surgeon to make an incision into the chest to insert the leads as well as the pacemaker. The leads are guided through a vein, and into the heart, with the aid of a fluoroscopy machine. The tip of the leas is attached to the heart muscle. The other end, which is attached to the pulse generator, is placed under the skin in the upper chest.

Epicardial – General anesthesia is used in this type of pacemaker installation surgery. The procedures are more or less similar to the endocardial method, but the recovery time is much longer.